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J Med Chem. 1999 Sep 9;42(18):3615-22.

Synthesis and cytotoxic evaluation of cycloheximide derivatives as potential inhibitors of FKBP12 with neuroregenerative properties.

Author information

1
Max-Planck Research Unit, Enzymology of Protein Folding, Weinbergweg 22, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

Abstract

On the basis of the new finding that the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (1, 4-[2-(3, 5-dimethyl-2-oxocyclohexyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]-2,6-piperidinedione) is able to competitively inhibit hFKBP12 (K(i) = 3.4 microM) and homologous enzymes, a series of derivatives has been synthesized. The effect of the compounds on the activity of hFKBP12 and their cytotoxicity against eukaryotic cell lines (mouse L-929 fibroblasts, K-562 leukemic cells) were determined. As a result, several less toxic or nontoxic cycloheximide derivatives were identified by N-substitution of the glutarimide moiety and exhibit IC(50) values in the range of 22.0-4.4 microM for inhibition of hFKBP12. Among these compounds cycloheximide-N-(ethyl ethanoate) (10, K(i) = 4.1 microM), which exerted FKBP12 inhibition to an extent comparable to that of cycloheximide (1), was found to cause an approximately 1000-fold weaker inhibitory effect on eukaryotic protein synthesis (IC(50) = 115 microM). Cycloheximide-N-(ethyl ethanoate) (10) was able to significantly speed nerve regeneration in a rat sciatic nerve neurotomy model at dosages of 30 mg/kg.

PMID:
10479292
DOI:
10.1021/jm991038t
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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