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J Med Chem. 1999 Sep 9;42(18):3520-6.

The opioid mu agonist/delta antagonist DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] produces a potent analgesic effect, no physical dependence, and less tolerance than morphine in rats.

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1
Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Peptide Research, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, 110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2W 1R7.

Abstract

Opioid compounds with mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist properties are expected to be analgesics with low propensity to produce tolerance and dependence. In an effort to strengthen the mu agonist component of the mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (TIPP-NH(2)), analogues containing structurally modified tyrosine residues in place of Tyr(1) were synthesized. Among the prepared compounds, H-Dmt-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (DIPP-NH(2); Dmt = 2',6'-dimethyltyrosine) and H-Dmt-TicPsi[CH(2)NH]Phe-Phe-NH(2) (DIPP-NH(2)[Psi]) retained a mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist profile, as determined in the guinea pig ileum and mouse vas deferens assays, whereas H-Tmt-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (Tmt = N,2',6'-trimethyltyrosine) was a partial mu agonist/delta antagonist and H-Tmt-TicPsi[CH(2)NH]Phe-Phe-NH(2) was a mu antagonist/delta antagonist. DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] showed binding affinities in the subnanomolar range for both mu and delta receptors in the rat brain membrane binding assays, thus representing the first example of a balanced mu agonist/delta antagonist with high potency. In the rat tail flick test, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] given icv produced a potent analgesic effect (ED(50) = 0.04 microg), being about 3 times more potent than morphine (ED(50) = 0.11 microg). It produced less acute tolerance than morphine but still a certain level of chronic tolerance. Unlike morphine, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] produced no physical dependence whatsoever upon chronic administration at high doses (up to 4.5 microg/h) over a 7-day period. In conclusion, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] fulfills to a large extent the expectations based on the mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist concept with regard to analgesic activity and the development of tolerance and dependence.

PMID:
10479285
DOI:
10.1021/jm980724+
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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