Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 1999 Sep 9;42(18):3520-6.

The opioid mu agonist/delta antagonist DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] produces a potent analgesic effect, no physical dependence, and less tolerance than morphine in rats.

Author information

Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Peptide Research, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, 110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2W 1R7.


Opioid compounds with mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist properties are expected to be analgesics with low propensity to produce tolerance and dependence. In an effort to strengthen the mu agonist component of the mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist H-Tyr-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (TIPP-NH(2)), analogues containing structurally modified tyrosine residues in place of Tyr(1) were synthesized. Among the prepared compounds, H-Dmt-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (DIPP-NH(2); Dmt = 2',6'-dimethyltyrosine) and H-Dmt-TicPsi[CH(2)NH]Phe-Phe-NH(2) (DIPP-NH(2)[Psi]) retained a mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist profile, as determined in the guinea pig ileum and mouse vas deferens assays, whereas H-Tmt-Tic-Phe-Phe-NH(2) (Tmt = N,2',6'-trimethyltyrosine) was a partial mu agonist/delta antagonist and H-Tmt-TicPsi[CH(2)NH]Phe-Phe-NH(2) was a mu antagonist/delta antagonist. DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] showed binding affinities in the subnanomolar range for both mu and delta receptors in the rat brain membrane binding assays, thus representing the first example of a balanced mu agonist/delta antagonist with high potency. In the rat tail flick test, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] given icv produced a potent analgesic effect (ED(50) = 0.04 microg), being about 3 times more potent than morphine (ED(50) = 0.11 microg). It produced less acute tolerance than morphine but still a certain level of chronic tolerance. Unlike morphine, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] produced no physical dependence whatsoever upon chronic administration at high doses (up to 4.5 microg/h) over a 7-day period. In conclusion, DIPP-NH(2)[Psi] fulfills to a large extent the expectations based on the mixed mu agonist/delta antagonist concept with regard to analgesic activity and the development of tolerance and dependence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center