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J Infect Dis. 1999 Oct;180(4):1171-6.

Immunogenicity and impact on nasopharyngeal carriage of a nonavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

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MRC/SAIMR/WITS Pneumococcal Diseases Research Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa.


The safety, immunogenicity, and impact on carriage of a nonvalent pneumococcal vaccine given at ages 6, 10, and 14 weeks were examined in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 500 infants in Soweto, South Africa. No serious local or systemic side effects were recorded. Significant antibody responses to all pneumococcal serotypes were observed 4 weeks after the third dose. Haemophilus influenzae type b polyribosylribitol phosphate (geometric mean titer, 11.62 microg/mL) and diphtheria (1.39 IU/mL) antibodies were significantly higher in children receiving pneumococcal conjugate, compared with placebo recipients (4.58 microgram/mL and 0.98 IU/mL, respectively). Nasopharyngeal carriage of vaccine serotypes decreased in vaccinees at age 9 months (18% vs. 36%), whereas carriage of nonvaccine serotypes increased (36% vs. 25%). Carriage of penicillin-resistant pneumococci (21% vs. 41%) and cotrimoxazole-resistant pneumococci (23% vs. 35%) were significantly reduced 9 months after vaccination, compared with controls.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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