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Blood. 1999 Sep 1;94(5):1537-44.

Association of chromosome arm 9p abnormalities with adverse risk in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A report from the Children's Cancer Group.

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1
Department of Genetics, Hughes Institute, St Paul, MN, USA.

Abstract

Cytogenetic abnormalities of chromosome arm 9p occur frequently in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We analyzed 201 such cases (11%) in 1,839 children with newly diagnosed ALL treated between 1989 and 1995 on risk-adjusted protocols of the Children's Cancer Group (CCG). The majority of patients (131; 65%) with a 9p abnormality were classified as higher risk. Nearly all patients had complex karyotypes; most cases had deletions of 9p, add/der(9p), a dicentric involving chromosome arm 9p, and/or balanced translocations and inversions involving 9p. Event-free survival (EFS) estimates at 6 years for patients with and without a 9p aberration were 61% (standard deviation [SD] = 5%) and 76% (SD = 2%; P <.0001). In addition, patients with a 9p abnormality had an increased cumulative incidence of both marrow (P =.04) and central nervous system (P =.0001) relapses. Overall survival also was significantly worse for patients with an abnormal 9p (P <.0001). These effects were most pronounced in standard-risk patients (age 1 to 9 years with white blood cell count <50,000/microL): 6-year EFS of 61% (SD = 9%) versus 80% (SD = 2%; P <.0001). Also, a 9p aberration was an adverse risk factor for B-lineage, but not T-lineage patients. The effect of 9p status on EFS was attenuated, but maintained in a multivariate analysis of EFS after adjustment for Philadelphia chromosome status, age, white blood cell (WBC) count, sex, race, and ploidy group (P =.01). Thus, abnormalities of chromosome arm 9p identify a subgroup of standard-risk patients with increased risk of treatment failure.

PMID:
10477677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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