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ASDC J Dent Child. 1999 May-Jun;66(3):180-7, 154.

The Innsbruck Sensorimotor Activator and Regulator (ISMAR): construction of an intraoral appliance to facilitate ingestive functions.

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School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Oral sensorimotor therapy is practiced widely with children who have neuromotor impairments, such as cerebral palsy and eating problems. Although improvement in ingestive skills can be achieved in the short term (5 months), long-term effects (over 12 months) remain to be examined. Interventions with intraoral appliances are used in children with moderate impairments of the oral-motor system and offer an opportunity for long-term treatment. Instead of the daily oral sensorimotor exercises, which must be provided by a qualified therapist, the intraoral appliance is worn during the night, so that the "therapy" is initiated and controlled by the child. The purpose of this paper is to describe the appliance: its prescription, fabrication and therapeutic use. A case study illustrates that improvement in ingestive skills, efficiency of eating, and marked weight gain can be achieved.

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