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Virus Res. 1999 Jun;61(2):161-70.

Analysis of the intergenic region of tomato spotted wilt Tospovirus medium RNA segment.

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Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton 31793, USA.


The intergenic region (IGR) of the medium (M) RNA of tomato spotted wilt Tospovirus (TSWV) isolates naturally infecting peanut (groundnut), pepper, potato, stokesia, tobacco and watermelon in Georgia (GA) and a peanut isolate from Florida (FL) was cloned and sequenced. The IGR sequences were compared with one another and with respective M RNA IGRs of TSWV isolates from Brazil and Japan and other tospoviruses. The length of M IGR of GA and FL isolates varied from 271 to 277 nucleotides. The M IGRs of TSWV from potato and stokesia, and tobacco and watermelon were identical with each other in their length and sequence. IGR sequences were more conserved (95-100%) among the populations of TSWV from GA and FL, than when compared with those of TSWV isolates from other countries (83-94%). The conserved motif (CAAACTTTGG) present in the IGRs of both M and small (S) RNAs of a Brazilian isolate of TSWV was also conserved in the isolates studied. Cluster analysis of the IGR sequences showed that all GA and FL isolates are closely clustered and are distinct from the TSWV isolates from other countries as well as from other tospoviruses.

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