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Dermatology. 1999;199 Suppl 1:29-31.

Antibacterial activity of retinaldehyde against Propionibacterium acnes.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Retinaldehyde has been shown to exert antibacterial activity in vitro.

AIM:

This study evaluates the effect of retinaldehyde on Propionibacterium acnes both in vivo and in vitro.

METHODS:

Microbial minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of retinaldehyde and retinoic acid were determined on reference strains of P. acnes. In vivo activity of daily topical application of 0.05% retinaldehyde on the P. acnes density was evaluated after application in a single-blind randomised study.

RESULTS:

MICs of retinaldehyde were 4 mg/l for P. acnes No. CIP179 and CIP53119 and 8 mg/l for P. acnes No. CIP53117. In contrast, the MICs of retinoic acid were superior to 128 mg/l for these three strains. In vivo, retinaldehyde-treated areas displayed a significant decrease in counts of viable P. acnes as compared with the untreated areas with a median decrease of 10(2) log P. acnes/cm(2) after 2 weeks of daily application. Vehicle alone had no effect.

CONCLUSION:

The MIC of retinaldehyde against P. acnes suggests a direct antibacterial activity. Daily topical application of 0.05% retinaldehyde is associated with a clear reduction of the P. acnes density.

PMID:
10473957
DOI:
10.1159/000051375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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