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Mayo Clin Proc. 1999 Aug;74(8):825-33.

Clindamycin, metronidazole, and chloramphenicol.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

Clindamycin, metronidazole, and chloramphenicol are three antimicrobial agents useful in the treatment of anaerobic infections. Clindamycin is effective in the treatment of most infections involving anaerobes and gram-positive cocci, but emerging resistance has become a problem in some clinical settings. Metronidazole is effective in the treatment of infections involving gram-negative anaerobes, but it is unreliable in the treatment of gram-positive anaerobic infections and is ineffective in treating aerobic infections. Additionally, metronidazole is often the drug of choice in treating infections in which Bacteroides fragilis is a serious concern. Chloramphenicol is effective in the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections, including serious anaerobic infections, but is rarely used in Western countries because of concerns about toxicity, including aplastic anemia and gray baby syndrome.

PMID:
10473362
DOI:
10.4065/74.8.825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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