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Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Sep;94(3):450-4.

Cervical length at 23 weeks in twins in predicting spontaneous preterm delivery.

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1
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To establish the relationship between cervical length at 23 weeks' gestation in twin pregnancies and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery.

METHODS:

Cervical length was measured during routine antenatal care by transvaginal sonography at 23 (range 22-24) weeks' gestation in 215 twin pregnancies. Distribution of cervical length was determined, and sensitivity and false-positive rate for spontaneous preterm delivery at or before 28, 30, 32, and 34 weeks for cutoff cervical lengths of 15, 25, 35, and 45 mm were calculated.

RESULTS:

Cervical length distribution was skewed toward shorter length and the median value was 38 mm. In 11.2% and 4.2% of cases, length was up to 25 mm and up to 15 mm, respectively. The spontaneous delivery rates at or before 28, 30, 32, and 34 weeks were 3.8%, 4.7%, 8.0%, and 17.5%, respectively, and were not statistically significantly related to any demographic characteristics, obstetric history, or chorionicity. Sensitivity to predict spontaneous preterm delivery was 100%, 80%, 47%, and 35% for 28, 30, 32, and 34 weeks, respectively, for cervical length up to 25 mm. The corresponding sensitivity values for cervical lengths up to 15 mm were 50%, 40%, 24%, and 11%. The rate of spontaneous delivery at or before 32 weeks increased exponentially with decreasing cervical length at 23 weeks, from 2.9% at or greater than 46 mm, to 4.3% at 36-45 mm, 6.7% at 26-35 mm, 31% at 16-25 mm, and 66% at 15 mm or less.

CONCLUSION:

Measurement of cervical length in twin pregnancies predicted risk of spontaneous early preterm delivery.

PMID:
10472876
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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