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J Soc Pediatr Nurs. 1999 Jul-Sep;4(3):105-12.

Pediatric registered nurse usage and perception of EMLA.

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1
Texas Children's Pediatric Associates, Houston, USA.

Abstract

ISSUES AND PURPOSE:

Pediatric nurses do not consistently use the anesthetic cream for children. This study examined availability, use, and perception of driving and restraining forces for use of EMLA cream for venipuncture and i.v. catheter insertion.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this descriptive study, surveys were sent to 400 randomly selected pediatric RNs. Surveys were returned by 211 nurses from 36 states.

RESULTS:

Driving forces for EMLA usage included ease of use and increased patient rapport. Restraining forces were focused on barriers to accessing EMLA. Positive perceptions of EMLA were affected by ease of accessibility.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Use of EMLA may be enhanced by standard orders, inservice instruction, and stocking EMLA on the patient care unit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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