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Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Sep 1;46(5):627-49.

Structural brain imaging in schizophrenia: a selective review.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.


Structural neuroimaging studies have provided some of the most consistent evidence for brain abnormalities in schizophrenia. Since the initial computed tomography study by Johnstone and co-workers, which reported lateral ventricular enlargement in schizophrenia, advances in brain imaging technology have enabled further and more refined characterization of abnormal brain structure in schizophrenia in vivo. This selective review discusses the major issues and findings in structural neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia. Among these are evidence for generalized and regional brain volume abnormalities, the specificity of anatomic findings to schizophrenia and to men versus women with schizophrenia, the contribution of genetic influences, and the timing of neuroanatomic pathology in schizophrenia. The second section reviews new approaches for examining brain structure in schizophrenia and their applications to studies on the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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