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Int J Cancer. 1999 Oct 8;83(2):230-4.

Transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms induce cyclin-D1 over-expression in B-chronic lymphoproliferative disorders.

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1
UPRES-EA 2128, UFR de Médecine, Université de Caen, Caen, France. sola@medecine.unicaen.fr

Abstract

Cyclin D1 participates in cell-cycle control, in the progression through the G(1) phase and in the transition from the G(1) to the S phase. The CCND1 locus, located in 11q13, is amplified and cyclin-D1 protein is over-expressed in a wide range of human solid tumors. In some B-lymphoid malignancies, the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation joins the Ig heavy-chain locus to the CCND1 locus and leads to cyclin-D1 over-expression. In this study, a series of 127 patients presenting a B-chronic lymphoproliferative disorder (B-CLPD) was analyzed using a competitive RT-PCR designed to detect cyclin-D1-mRNA over-expression. Cyclin-D1 mRNA was expressed in patients with mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL; 10/10), hairy-cell leukemia (HCL; 3/5), B-chronic lymphoid leukemia (B-CLL; 4/111) and B large-cell lymphoma (BLCL; 1/1). Densitometric analysis of RT-PCR products and Western-blot autoradiograms, in addition to cytogenetic data, indicated that activation of the cyclin-D1 gene occurred independently of the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation in patients with HCL. Indeed, a normal-sized protein of 36 kDa exhibiting a level incompatible with gene activation by a translocation mechanism was detected in lymphoid cells with a normal karyotype. Moreover, we found a discrepancy between cyclin-D1 mRNA and protein levels in MCL and B-CLL, which suggested that some regulatory mechanisms acting at a post-transcriptional level persist in tumor cells.

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