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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Sep 7;262(3):615-23.

Proteolytic fragments of anti-HIV and anti-tumor proteins MAP30 and GAP31 are biologically active.

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American Biosciences, New York, New York, 10021, USA.


We analyzed the structural and functional organization of anti-HIV and anti-tumor proteins MAP30 and GAP31 by limited proteolysis with endopeptidases Lys-C and Glu-C (V8). MAP30 and GAP31 are resistant to proteolytic digestion under conditions of as much as 5% (w/w) proteases. In the presence of 10% (w/w) protease, the central regions of the proteins are still resistant to proteolysis, whereas the N- and C-termini are accessible. Peptide fragments were purified by FPLC on Superdex 75 columns, characterized by gel electrophoresis, identified by amino acid sequencing, and analyzed for anti-HIV, anti-tumor, and other biochemical activities. We report here that limited proteolysis yields biologically active fragments of both MAP30 and GAP31. These fragments are active against HIV-1 and tumor cells with EC(50)s in the sub-nanomolar ranges, 0.2-0.4 nM. At the dose levels used in the assays, little cytotoxicity to normal cells was observed. In addition, these fragments remain fully active in HIV-integrase inhibition and HIV-LTR topological inactivation, but not ribosome inactivation. These results demonstrate that the antiviral and anti-tumor activities of MAP30 and GAP31 are independent of ribosome inactivation activity. In addition, we demonstrate that portions of the N- and C-termini are not essential for antiviral and anti-tumor activities, but do appear to be required for ribosome inactivation. These results may provide novel strategies for rational design and targeted development of mimetic antiviral and anti-tumor therapeutics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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