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Exp Cell Res. 1999 Sep 15;251(2):442-51.

Regulation and deregulation of E2F1 in postmitotic neurons differentiated from embryonal carcinoma P19 cells.

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Division of Regulation of Macromolecular Functions, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 3-2, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.


Neurons withdraw from the cell cycle immediately after differentiation from their proliferative precursors. E2F1, a principal transcription factor that promotes cell cycle progression, must be silenced in neurons. We investigated the E2F1 system in postmitotic neurons derived from murine embryonal carcinoma P19 cells. P19 cells highly expressed the E2F1 gene during neural differentiation, and enriched neurons contained a high abundance of E2F1 mRNA. In contrast, postmitotic neurons possessed extremely low levels of E2F1 protein as assessed by the electrophoretic mobility shift assay and Western blotting. A recombinant E2F1 fusion protein was ubiquitinated in vitro when incubated with neuronal lysates. In addition, treatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132 increased the endogenous level of E2F1 protein in neurons. These results suggest that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway contributes, at least in part, to the downregulation of E2F1 protein in postmitotic neurons. Adenovirus-mediated transfer of E2F1 cDNA into postmitotic neurons induced both bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and chromatin condensation, suggesting that deregulated E2F1 expression causes both aberrant S-phase entry and apoptosis of postmitotic neurons. Thus, downregulation of endogenous E2F1 protein in postmitotic neurons may be indispensable for the prevention of their reentry into the cell cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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