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Exp Cell Res. 1999 Sep 15;251(2):340-9.

PI3-kinase is involved in mitogenic signaling by the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase Xiphophorus melanoma receptor kinase in fish melanoma.

Author information

1
Biocenter (Theodor-Boveri Institut), University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany. wellbrock@biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de

Abstract

Overexpression of the mutationally activated receptor tyrosine kinase Xiphophorus melanoma receptor kinase (Xmrk) initiates formation of hereditary malignant melanoma in the fish Xiphophorus. In melanoma as well as in a melanoma-derived cell line (PSM) this receptor is highly activated resulting in constitutive Xmrk-mediated mitogenic signaling. In order to analyze mitogenic signaling triggered by Xmrk a possible involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase in Xmrk signal transduction was examined. Constitutive binding of the p85 adapter subunit of PI3-kinase to the Xmrk receptor was detected in PSM melanoma cells. Further analyses in BHK cells expressing a Xmrk chimera (HER-mrk) showed that p85 association with the intracellular part of Xmrk was dependent on autophosphorylation of the receptor. In vitro binding studies revealed that the interaction is mediated mainly through the N-terminal SH2 domain of p85 which directly binds to a sequence motif around phosphorylated Tyr-983 in the Xmrk carboxy-terminus. In accordance with recruitment of p85 by Xmrk in PSM cells, the PI3-kinase downstream target Akt was found to be highly phosphorylated on Ser-473, indicating efficient PI3-kinase signaling in melanoma cells. PI3-kinase activation was also detected in Xiphophorus melanoma. Moreover, malignant melanomas exhibited an increased level of PI3-kinase activity which was about three times higher than that in benign pigmented lesions. Inhibition of PI3-kinase activity in PSM melanoma cells by both Wortmannin and LY294002 blocked entry into S-phase. Together these data demonstrate that PI3-kinase is a substrate of the oncogenic Xmrk receptor and plays a significant role in mitogenic signaling of melanoma cells and the formation of malignant melanoma in Xiphophorus.

PMID:
10471319
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1999.4580
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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