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EMBO J. 1999 Sep 1;18(17):4823-34.

Mammalian TAF(II)30 is required for cell cycle progression and specific cellular differentiation programmes.

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Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, Collège de France, BP 163-67404 Illkirch Cedex, CU de Strasbourg, France.


The two alleles of the 30 kDa TATA-binding protein associated factor (TAF(II)30) gene, have been targeted by homologous recombination in murine F9 embryonal carcinoma cells and subsequently disrupted using a Cre recombinase-loxP strategy. The TAF(II)30-null cells are not viable, but are rescued by the expression of human TAF(II)30. Cells lacking TAF(II)30 are blocked in G(1)/G(0) phase of the cell cycle and undergo apoptosis. In agreement with the G(1) arrest phenotype, the expression of cyclin E is impaired and the retinoblastoma protein is hypophosphorylated in the TAF(II)30-null cells. Interestingly, retinoic acid (RA) treatment prevented TAF(II)30-null cell death and induced primitive endodermal differentiation. In contrast, the RA- and cAMP-induced parietal endodermal differentiation was impaired in the TAF(II)30-null cells. Thus, TAF(II)30 is not indispensable for class II gene transcription in general, but seems to be required for the expression of a subset of genes.

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