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Curr Biol. 1999 Jul 29-Aug 12;9(15):849-52.

Movement of a cytokinesis factor cdc12p to the site of cell division.

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1
Columbia University, Department of Micobiology, 701 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA. fc99@columbia.edu

Abstract

A key question in cytokinesis is how the plane of cell division is positioned within the cell. Although a number of cytokinesis factors involved in formation of the actomyosin contractile ring have been identified, little is known about how these factors are localized and assembled at the cell-division site. Cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe divide using a medial actomyosin ring that assembles in early mitosis [1]. The S. pombe cdc12 gene encodes a formin, a member of a family of proteins that have functions in cytokinesis and cell polarity and that may bind Rho/Cdc42 GTPases, profilin and other actin-associated proteins [1] [2] [3] [4]. The cdc12 protein (cdc12p) is required specifically for medial-ring assembly during cytokinesis and is a component of this ring [2] [5]. In this study, cdc12p was found, during interphase, in a discrete, motile cytoplasmic spot that moved to the future site of cell division at the onset of mitosis. Three lines of evidence indicated that this cdc12p spot moved on both actin and microtubule networks: movement required either actin or microtubules; the spot was associated with actin and microtubule structures; and individual spots were seen to move along both microtubule and non-microtubule tracks. These findings demonstrate that a cytokinesis factor may travel on both microtubule and actin networks to the future site of cell division.

PMID:
10469572
DOI:
10.1016/s0960-9822(99)80372-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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