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Kidney Int. 1999 Sep;56(3):995-1003.

MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 contribute to crescents and interstitial lesions in human crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Author information

1
First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Japan. twada@med.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The precise molecular mechanisms of macrophage (Mphi) recruitment and activation in crescentic glomerulonephritis remain to be investigated. We hypothesized that locally produced macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 via the chemokine receptors participate in the pathophysiology of human crescentic glomerulonephritis by recruiting and activating Mphi.

METHODS:

We investigated the levels of MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 20 healthy subjects, 20 patients with crescentic glomerulonephritis, and 41 control patients with various other renal diseases. The presence of MIP-1alpha, MCP-1, and the cognate chemokine receptor for MIP-1alpha, CCR5, in the diseased kidneys was evaluated by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analyses.

RESULTS:

MIP-1alpha-positive cells were mainly detected in crescentic lesions, whereas MCP-1 was mainly in the interstitium. In addition, we detected CCR5-positive cells in diseased glomeruli and interstitium. Urinary MIP-1alpha was detected in crescentic glomerulonephritis, even though it was below detectable levels in healthy subjects and in patients with other renal diseases without crescents. Urinary MIP-1alpha levels in the patients with crescentic glomerulonephritis were well correlated with the percentage of cellular crescents and the number of CD68-positive infiltrating cells and CCR5-positive cells in the glomeruli. However, urinary MCP-1 levels were well correlated with the percentage of both total crescents and fibrocellular/fibrous crescents and the number of CD68-positive infiltrating cells in the interstitium. Moreover, elevated urinary levels of both MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 dramatically decreased during glucocorticoid therapy-induced convalescence.

CONCLUSIONS:

These observations suggest that locally produced MIP-1alpha may be involved in the development of cellular crescents in the acute phase via CCR5 and that MCP-1 may be involved mainly in the development of interstitial lesions in the chronic phase when fibrocellular/fibrous crescents are present, possibly through Mphi recruitment and activation.

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