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Br J Dermatol. 1999 Aug;141(2):231-9.

Forms of epithelial differentiation of draining sinus in acne inversa (hidradenitis suppurativa).

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Division of Cell Biology, German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany.


The draining sinus is a late complication of several forms of severe acne, leading to extensive, periodically inflamed lesions that are undermined by a system of fistulas, supposed to be of follicular origin. We investigated the expression of various cytokeratins (CKs) and desmosomal proteins in the draining sinus of acne inversa (hidradenitis suppurativa) using monoclonal antibodies in immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections. We were able to define three different phenotypes of stratified squamous epithelia covering the sinus tracts. Type I epithelium was cornifying and characterized by the presence of CK 10, desmogleins 1-3 and desmocollins 1-3 in an epidermis-like pattern. Type II epithelium was non-cornifying, negative for CK 10 and positive for CK 13. It was negative for desmocollin 1 but strongly immunopositive for desmoglein 1 suprabasally and for desmoglein 2 in the basal cells. Type III epithelium was non-cornifying and strongly inflamed. It was marked by the presence of CK 7, CK 19 and desmoglein 2 and the absence of CK 10, desmoglein 1 and desmocollin 1. In both type II and III epithelium, desmoglein 3, desmocollin 2 and desmocollin 3 showed an inverted staining pattern as compared with normal epidermis and type I epithelium. Desmoglein 2 and CK 5/14 always remained restricted to the basal cell layer. Antibodies against CK 6 and CK 13/15/16 were immunopositive in all three phenotypes and CK 17 was predominantly immunolocalized to suprabasal layers of type II and III epithelium. The three phenotypes are characterized as pathological stratified squamous epithelia reflecting the dynamic process of inflammation, proliferation and stratification taking place in acne inversa.

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