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J Trauma Stress. 1999 Jul;12(3):485-99.

Validation of the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version in survivors of bone marrow transplantation.

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Derald H. Ruttenburg Cancer Center, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA.


Life-threatening illness now qualifies as a precipitating stessor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the validity of the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C; Weathers, Litz, Herman, Juska, & Keane, 1993), a brief 17-item inventory of PTSD-like symptoms, in a sample of 111 adults who had undergone bone marrow transplantation an average of 4.04 years previously. Exploratory factor analysis of the PCL-C identified four distinct patterns of symptom responses: Numbing-Hyperarousal, Dreams-Memories of the Cancer Treatment, General Hyperarousal, Responses to Cancer-Related Reminders and Avoidance-Numbing. Respondents meeting PTSD symptom criteria on the PCL-C had significantly lower physical, role, and social functioning, greater distress and anxiety, and significantly more intrusive and avoidant responses than individuals who did not meet PTSD symptom criteria.

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