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J Neurosci Res. 1999 Sep 15;57(6):906-15.

Role of intracellular Ca(2+) stores shaping normal activity in brain.

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Department of Neurochemistry, Chemical Institute, Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.


The role of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in the control of brain activity was investigated in microdialysis experiments by monitoring changes in the extracellular concentration of amino acids (AA) in the hippocampus of the rat after intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of the intracellular Ca(2+) release blocker, dantrolene in vivo, as well as in D-aspartate release and transmembrane Ca(2+) flux measurements in dantrolene-treated (50 microM) hippocampal homogenates containing resealed plasmalemma fragments and nerve endings in vitro. Microdialysis data demonstrate that icv injection of 0.6 mM dantrolene significantly decreases ( approximately 20%) the background (Glu) in the hippocampus. Both the (Glu; approximately 300%) and the inhibitory effect of dantrolene thereupon ( approximately 50%) was significantly increased when 0.5 mM of the Glu uptake inhibitor, L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid, was dialysed into the hippocampus. NMDA and (S)-AMPA induced [(3)H]-D-aspartate release in hippocampal homogenates. Preincubation of these homogenates with 50 microM dantrolene was found to reduce the response to NMDA, but not to (S)-AMPA, in a NMDA-dependent manner. Increased rates of transmembrane influx and efflux of Ca(2+) in hippocampal homogenates with half-times of 4 ms and 200 ms, respectively, can be observed by the addition of 100 microM NMDA as recorded using a stopped-flow UV/fluorescence spectrometer in combination with the Ca(2+) indicator dye, bisfura-2. Both the Ca(2+) influx and efflux rates of the NMDA response were reduced (25-fold and >5-fold, respectively) in homogenates preloaded with 50 microM dantrolene. These results suggest a role for NMDA-inducible intracellular Ca(2+) stores in the control of normal brain activity in vivo.

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