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J Biol Chem. 1999 Sep 3;274(36):25571-5.

Recruitment of ATM protein to double strand DNA irradiated with ionizing radiation.

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1
Laboratory of Radiation and Life Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan. ksuzuki@net.nagasaki-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The product of the ATM gene, which is mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, is a nuclear phosphoprotein, and it involves the activation of the p53 pathway after ionizing radiation. Here we show that the ATM protein is constitutively associated with double strand DNA and that the interaction increases when the DNA is exposed to ionizing radiation. The ATM protein also had affinity to restriction endonuclease PvuII-digested DNA, but not to UV-irradiated DNA nor X-irradiated single-stranded DNA. The immunoprecipitation experiment detected very weak association between ATM and DNA-PK proteins, and immunodepletion of DNA-PK showed little or no effect on the interaction of the ATM protein with damaged DNA, indicating that an interaction with DNA-PK might not be required for the recruitment of the ATM protein to damaged DNA. Furthermore, the association was also confirmed in xrs-5 and xrs-6e cells, which are Chinese hamster ovary mutant cell lines defective in Ku80 function. These results indicate that the ATM protein is recruited to the site of DNA damage and it recognizes double strand breaks by itself or through an association with other DNA-binding protein other than DNA-PK and Ku80 proteins.

PMID:
10464290
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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