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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 Jul;59(4):267-77.

Expression of transforming growth factor alpha and epidermal growth factor receptor in human bladder cancer.

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Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.


We analysed the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) in human bladder tumours. Tumour biopsies were obtained from 54 patients with primary bladder cancer (18 stage T1 and 36 stage T2-4). The protein and mRNA expression of EGFr and TGF-alpha were quantified by ELISA and competitive RT-PCR, respectively. The EGFr protein level was significantly increased in T2-4 tumours (0.44 x 10(-11); 0.0-27.5 x 10(-11) mol/g) compared with T1 tumours (0.0; 0.0-2.0 x 10(-11) mol/g) (median; range; 2p<0.01). The EGFr protein and mRNA level correlated (Spearman r=0.45, 2p<0.005, n=40). Co-expression of TGF-alpha protein and EGFr protein was significantly associated with muscle invasive tumours (T2-4) (chi-squared=7.9, df=3, p<0.05) and the TGF-alpha protein level correlated significantly with EGFr protein expression (Spearman r=0.56, 2p<0.0001, n=54). While tumour stage correlated with survival, no correlation was observed between survival and the expression of EGFr and/or TGF-alpha. In conclusion, human bladder tumours express both EGFr and TGF-alpha. The expression of EGFr and TGF-alpha are closely correlated, and the expression of EGFr and co-expression of EGFr and TGF-alpha correlate with tumour stage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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