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Drug Alcohol Depend. 1999 Aug 2;56(1):85-96.

Community reinforcement training for family and significant others of drug abusers: a unilateral intervention to increase treatment entry of drug users.

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  • 1Counselling Psychology Program, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6085, USA.


We randomly assigned 32 concerned family members and significant others (FSOs) of drug users (DUs) to a community reinforcement training intervention or a popular 12-step self-help group. We measured problems arising from the DU's behavior, social functioning of the DU and FSO, and mood of the FSO at baseline and 10 weeks later. We also monitored the FSOs' treatment attendance and treatment entry of the DUs. The treatment groups showed equal reductions from baseline to follow-up in problems and improvements in social functioning and mood of the FSO. However the community reinforcement intervention was significantly better at retaining FSOs in treatment and inducing treatment entry of the DUs.

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