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Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1999;48(2):119-22.

Dyspareunia, back pain and chronic pelvic pain: the importance of this pain complex in gynecological practice and its relation with grandmultiparity and pelvic relaxation.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yüzüncü Yil University Medical School, Van, Turkey.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between severe dyspareunia, back pain, dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain (CPP), and the relationship of each pain type with various sociodemographic factors, pelvic relaxation and high parity. Two hundred thirty-five premenstrual individuals were included. The prevalences of CPP, deep dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea and back pain were found to be 80.4, 30.6, 57.0 and 57.4%, respectively. Marriage duration was longer (p < 0. 01) and also parity was higher (p < 0.0001) in CPP cases than controls. However, none of the demographic factors had a significant correlation with dyspareunia, back pain and dysmenorrhea. CPP was correlated with both back pain (r = 0.18, p < 0.005) and dyspareunia (r = 0.19, p < 0.004). However, there was no correlation between back pain and dyspareunia. On the other hand, dysmenorrhea did not show a correlation with any pain types. While grandmultiparity had a significant effect on CPP (p < 0.0001), it did not have a significant effect on other pain types in a MANOVA model. CPP is very often seen in our population and it often makes a pain complex with dyspareunia and back pain. The prevention of grandmultiparity is important to decrease the incidence of CPP.

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