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J Gastrointest Surg. 1998 Nov-Dec;2(6):555-60.

Laparoscopic fundoplication for dysphagia and peptic esophageal stricture.

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Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


Peptic esophageal stricture with dysphagia is a late manifestation of severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although laparoscopic fundoplication is an effective antireflux operation, its efficacy for persons with peptic esophageal stricture and dysphagia has not been well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes after fundoplication in this subgroup of GERD patients. Forty GERD patients with moderate, severe, or incapacitating dysphagia and peptic esophageal stricture were compared to a control group of 121 GERD patients without significant dysphagia or stricture. Reflux symptom severity was scored by each patient preoperatively and at most recent follow-up postoperatively (mean 1.5 years) using a scale ranging from 0 to 4 (0 = symptoms absent; 4 = symptoms incapacitating). Symptom scores were compared by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Postoperative redilation and fundoplication failure rates were also determined. At a mean follow-up of 1.5 years after fundoplication, the median dysphagia score had improved from 3 to 0 (P <0.001) in stricture patients and remained low (score 0) in the control group. The median heartburn score also improved from 3 to 0 (P <0.001) in stricture patients, with an identical response in the control group (P <0.001). Among dysphagia/stricture patients, 35 (87.5%) reported overall satisfaction and have not required secondary medical treatment or esophageal dilation. Four patients (10%) have required endoscopic redilation for residual dysphagia and one (2.5%) had reoperation for fundoplication herniation shortly after operation. Laparoscopic fundoplication is an effective therapy for patients with dysphagia and peptic esophageal stricture.

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