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J Urol. 1999 Sep;162(3 Pt 1):905-9.

Expression of messenger RNAs for membrane-type 1, 2, and 3 matrix metalloproteinases in human renal cell carcinomas.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Cancer Research Institute, Ishikawa, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Three different membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT1, 2, and 3-MMP) that can activate proMMP-2 (progelatinase A) are thought to play an important role in invasion and metastasis by various human carcinomas. To further clarify this role, we examined mRNA expression of MT-MMPs in human renal cell carcinomas.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

mRNA was extracted from 25 clinical specimens of renal cell carcinoma and 23 specimens of normal renal parenchyma remote from the tumor. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using specific primers was performed, and PCR products were hybridized to 32P-labeled internal probes and analyzed by a bioimage analyzer.

RESULTS:

MT1, 2, and 3-MMP mRNA expression in carcinomas was significantly higher than in normal parenchyma. In terms of the pathologic stage, MT1-MMP mRNA expression in pT2 and pT3 tumors was significantly higher than those in pT1 tumors. Although the sample size was small, it was evident that MT3-MMP mRNA expression in clear cell subtype renal cell carcinomas was higher than in the group of tumors including the granular cell subtype.

CONCLUSIONS:

These three MT-MMPs may play an important role in the pathogenesis of human renal cell carcinoma, and MT1-MMP in particular is important in invasion by carcinoma cells. It is interesting that the expression of MT3-MMP was higher in carcinomas, especially clear cell carcinoma, than in normal parenchyma, so that MT3-MMP may provide a clue an understanding of the molecular mechanism of carcinogenesis in human kidney.

PMID:
10458406
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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