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J Urol. 1999 Sep;162(3 Pt 1):883-7.

Antibiotic hydrogel coated Foley catheters for prevention of urinary tract infection in a rabbit model.

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Department of Botany, Centre for Infection and Biomaterial Research, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.



We developed an antibiotic liposome (ciprofloxacin liposome) containing hydrogel for external coating of silicone Foley catheters and evaluated its efficacy in a rabbit model. Our goal was to create a catheter that would hinder the development of catheter associated nosocomial urinary tract infections.


We inserted either an untreated, liposomal hydrogel coated or a liposome hydrogel with ciprofloxacin coated 10F silicone Foley catheter into New Zealand White rabbits. We challenged the system with 5x10(6) virulent Escherichia coli at the urethral meatus twice daily for 3 days. Urine cultures were evaluated twice daily for 7 days. When urine cultures became positive, the rabbits were sacrificed and urine, urethral catheter and urethral tissue were cultured.


The time to bacteriuria detection in 50% of the specimens was double for hydrogel with ciprofloxacin coated catheters versus untreated and hydrogel coated catheters. A significant (p = 0.04) improvement in average time to positive urine culture from 3.5 to 5.3 days and a 30% decrease in the bacteriuria rate for hydrogel with ciprofloxacin coated catheters were noted compared to untreated catheters.


A significant benefit was realized by coating the extraluminal catheter surface with a ciprofloxacin liposome impregnated hydrogel. We believe this procedure will provide a significant clinical advantage, while reducing health care costs substantially.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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