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Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Aug;128(2):242-4.

Microbiologic spectrum and susceptibility of isolates: part II. Posttraumatic endophthalmitis. Endophthalmitis Research Group.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.



To present the microbial spectrum and susceptibilities of isolates in posttraumatic endophthalmitis.


Isolates from 182 eyes of 182 patients who underwent vitrectomy for posttraumatic endophthalmitis were examined.


One hundred thirteen (62.1%) of 182 vitreous samples were culture-positive, and 23 (20.4%) of 113 culture-positive cases were polymicrobial, including three (2.7%) trimicrobial cases, yielding a total of 139 isolates. Isolates included 63 (45.3%) gram-positive cocci, 24 (17.3%) gram-positive bacilli, 25 (18.0%) gram-negative organisms, seven (5.0%) Actinomycetes-related organisms, and 20 (14.4%) fungi. Susceptibilities to amikacin, ceftazidime, chloramphenicol, cefazolin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and vancomycin are reported.


This study represents a large series on microbial spectrum and susceptibilities in posttraumatic endophthalmitis. We report a high prevalence of gram-positive bacilli species and polymicrobial infections containing gram-negative species, underscoring the importance of broad-spectrum, combination antibiotics in the empiric treatment of posttraumatic endophthalmitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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