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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1978 Dec;131(6):1049-53.

Association of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and calcification and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.


Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a common ossifying diathesis in middle-aged and elderly patients characterized by bone proliferation along the anterior aspect of the spine and at extraspinal sites of ligament and tendon attachment to bone. Four patients with DISH revealed extensive calcification and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical spine. Review of cervical spine radiographs in 74 additional patients with DISH demonstrated bony hyperostosis of the posterior aspect of the vertebrae in 41%, posterior spinal osteophytosis in 34%, and posterior longitudinal ligament calcification and ossification in 50%. These ligamentous findings, which have previously been described almost exclusively in Japanese people, appear to be an additional skeletal manifestation of DISH.

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