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Perfusion. 1999 Jul;14(4):269-77.

Mechanisms of the systemic inflammatory response.

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Cardiothoracic Unit, Imperial College School of Medicine at Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


The purpose of inflammation is to combat various agents that may injure the tissues. Conditions such as CPB can often cause systemic inflammation and dysfunction of major organs. Pulmonary, renal, myocardial and intestinal function may suffer various degrees of impairment during and after cardiac surgery. Although changes in major organs usually remain clinically insignificant, severe organ failure is not uncommon. The process of systemic inflammation proceeds through activation of serum proteins, activation of leucocytes and endothelial cells, secretion of cytokines, leucocyte-endothelial cell interaction, leucocyte extravasation and tissue damage. Several anti-inflammatory strategies have already been used, some of which have given promising results pertaining to further reduction in the rate of the inflammation-related complications in cardiac surgical patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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