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FEBS Lett. 1999 Aug 6;456(2):322-6.

Calmodulin inhibits inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-induced calcium release through the purified and reconstituted inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1.

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1
Mikoshiba Calciosignal Net Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Tokyo, Japan. jhirota@ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

Our previous studies have demonstrated that calmodulin binds to IP3R type I (IP3R1) in a Ca2+ dependent manner, which suggests that calmodulin regulates the IP3R1 channel. In the present study, we investigated real-time kinetics of interactions between calmodulin and IP3R1 as well as effects of calmodulin on IP3-induced Ca2+ release by purified and reconstituted IP3R1. Kinetic analysis revealed that calmodulin binds to IP3R1 in a Ca2+ dependent manner and that both association and dissociation phase consist of two components with time constants of k(a) = 4.46 x 10(2) and > 10(4) M(-1) s(-1) k(d) = 1.44 x 10(-2) and 1.17 x 10(-1) s(-1). The apparent dissociation constant was calculated to be 27.3 microM. The IP3-induced Ca2+ release through the purified and reconstituted IP3R1 was inhibited by Ca2+/calmodulin, in a dose dependent manner. We interpret our findings to mean that calmodulin binds to IP3R1 in a Ca2+ dependent manner to exert inhibitory effect on IP3R channel activity. This event may be one of the mechanisms governing the negative feedback regulation of IP3-induced Ca2+ release by Ca2+.

PMID:
10456332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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