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Anaesthesia. 1999 Apr;54(4):347-9.

Evaluation of the SCOTI device for confirming blind nasal intubation.

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1
Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

The sonomatic confirmation of tracheal intubation (SCOTI) is a new device used to confirm the correct placement of tracheal tubes. It utilises a sonic technique for recognition of a resonating frequency for detection of tracheal intubation. We compared its predictive value with that of the clinical auscultatory method and a capnograph to confirm 132 blind nasal intubations using three different tracheal tubes [red rubber (n = 82), polyvinyl chloride (n = 33) and RAE preformed nasal (n = 17)]. SCOTI correctly identified 70.8% of intubations and chest auscultation did so 99.2% of times. All results were confirmed using a capnograph. The SCOTI device gave a false-negative value in 37 patients (28%) and a false-positive result in two patients (1.5%). The response time for confirming intubations was 2.5 (1.5) s for the SCOTI, 4.1 (1.1) s for a capnograph and 40 (9.4) s for the auscultatory method. The erroneous results shown by the SCOTI device were highest when polyvinyl chloride tubes with a Murphy's eye were used for intubation. This study shows that this device is not very useful for ascertaining the correct placement of tracheal tubes after blind nasal intubation.

PMID:
10455832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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