Send to

Choose Destination
Pharmacol Ther. 1999 May-Jun;82(2-3):373-87.

Delineation of selective cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha substrate and inhibitor peptides based on combinatorial peptide libraries on paper.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington 05405, USA.


Peptide libraries on cellulose paper have proven to be valuable tools for the a priori determination of substrate specificities of cyclic AMP- and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinases (cAMP-kinase and cGMP-kinase) on the basis of octa-peptide sequences. Here, we report the extension of our peptide library screens to 12-mer and 14-mer peptide sequences, resulting in highly cGMP-kinase Ialpha selective peptides. The sequences TQAKRKKSLAMA-amide and TQAKRKKSLAMFLR-amide, with Km values for cGMP-kinase Ialpha of 0.7 and 0.26 microM and Vmax values of 11.5 and 10.9 micromol/min/mg, respectively, display a high specificity for this enzyme. Furthermore, replacing the phosphate acceptor residue serine with alanine in TQAKRKKSLAMA-amide resulted in the highly cGMP-kinase Ialpha selective inhibitor peptide TQAKRKKALAMA-amide, with inhibitor constants for cGMP-kinase Ialpha and cAMP-kinase of 7.5 microM and 750 microM, respectively. Selective cGMP-kinase inhibitors have the potential to play an important role in the elucidation of the distinct cellular functions of cGMP-kinase separate from those activated by cAMP-kinases, and, therefore, may play an important role as pharmaceutical targets. Molecular docking experiments of the most cGMP-kinase selective sequences on a molecular model of the catalytic domain of cGMP-kinase Ialpha suggest that they adopt unique conformations, which differ significantly from those observed for the cAMP-kinase-specific inhibitor PKI(5-24). Our results suggest that despite their structural similarities, cAMP-kinase and cGMP-kinase use distinct peptide substrate and inhibitor conformations, which could account for their unique substrate specificities. These findings are further supported by cAMP- and cGMP-kinase-selective inhibitor analogs with (D)-Ala residues at the inhibitory positions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center