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Pharmacol Ther. 1999 May-Jun;82(2-3):373-87.

Delineation of selective cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha substrate and inhibitor peptides based on combinatorial peptide libraries on paper.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington 05405, USA.

Abstract

Peptide libraries on cellulose paper have proven to be valuable tools for the a priori determination of substrate specificities of cyclic AMP- and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinases (cAMP-kinase and cGMP-kinase) on the basis of octa-peptide sequences. Here, we report the extension of our peptide library screens to 12-mer and 14-mer peptide sequences, resulting in highly cGMP-kinase Ialpha selective peptides. The sequences TQAKRKKSLAMA-amide and TQAKRKKSLAMFLR-amide, with Km values for cGMP-kinase Ialpha of 0.7 and 0.26 microM and Vmax values of 11.5 and 10.9 micromol/min/mg, respectively, display a high specificity for this enzyme. Furthermore, replacing the phosphate acceptor residue serine with alanine in TQAKRKKSLAMA-amide resulted in the highly cGMP-kinase Ialpha selective inhibitor peptide TQAKRKKALAMA-amide, with inhibitor constants for cGMP-kinase Ialpha and cAMP-kinase of 7.5 microM and 750 microM, respectively. Selective cGMP-kinase inhibitors have the potential to play an important role in the elucidation of the distinct cellular functions of cGMP-kinase separate from those activated by cAMP-kinases, and, therefore, may play an important role as pharmaceutical targets. Molecular docking experiments of the most cGMP-kinase selective sequences on a molecular model of the catalytic domain of cGMP-kinase Ialpha suggest that they adopt unique conformations, which differ significantly from those observed for the cAMP-kinase-specific inhibitor PKI(5-24). Our results suggest that despite their structural similarities, cAMP-kinase and cGMP-kinase use distinct peptide substrate and inhibitor conformations, which could account for their unique substrate specificities. These findings are further supported by cAMP- and cGMP-kinase-selective inhibitor analogs with (D)-Ala residues at the inhibitory positions.

PMID:
10454213
DOI:
10.1016/s0163-7258(98)00063-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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