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Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1999 Jun;33(3):187-91.

A study of Tamm-Horsfall protein excretion in hypertensive patients and type 1 diabetic patients.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.



The study was performed in order to evaluate to what extent hypertension or diabetes mellitus may affect the urinary excretion rate of Tamm-Horsfall protein.


The urinary excretion rates of albumin and Tamm-Horsfall protein, a measure of glomerular and distal tubular function, respectively were measured in patients with essential hypertension (n = 17) and in type 1 diabetes with (n = 20) or without nephropathy (n = 8) and in apparently healthy subjects (n = 10).


Mean 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurements showed higher blood pressure levels in the hypertensive (167/ 106 mmHg, p < 0.001) than in the diabetic patients with (136/84 mmHg) and without nephropathy (121/74 mmHg) and in healthy subjects (122/76 mmHg). Day and night ratios of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels were not different among the four groups. Urinary albumin excretion rate was increased in patients with hypertension (30.8 x/ 3.4 microg/min; geometric mean x/tolerance factor; p < 0.001) and diabetes with nephropathy (462 x/ 3.5 microg/min; p < 0.001) compared with diabetic patients without nephropathy and healthy subjects (4.6 x/ 1.9 and 3.7 x/ 1.5 microg/min, respectively). The Tamm-Horsfall protein excretion rate was decreased in patients with diabetic nephropathy (11.6 x/ 3.5 microg/min) compared to patients with hypertension (36.3 x/2.1 1g/min; p < 0.01), diabetes without nephropathy (39.2 x/ 2.0 microg/min; p < 0.05) and healthy subjects (63.0 x/ 1.4 microg/min; p < 0.001), whereas no differences were found among the latter three groups.


These data indicate that high blood pressure may be associated with albuminuria, while a decrease in excretion rate of Tamm-Horsfall protein may be associated with diabetic nephropathy. These associations need to be studied in a larger population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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