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Eur J Surg. 1999 Jul;165(7):665-73.

Foreign body reaction to meshes used for the repair of abdominal wall hernias.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, IZKF-Biomat, The University of Technology, RWTH, Aachen, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the local tissue reactions to meshes that had been removed from humans.

DESIGN:

Open study

SETTING:

Surgical department of the technical University, Aachen, Germany.

MATERIAL:

Samples of 17 non-absorbable meshes (1 polyester, 10 polypropylene, 2 reduced polypropylene, and 4 polytetrafluorethylene, PTFE) and 1 absorbable mesh (polyglactin 910) that had been implanted for repair of abdominal wall defects.

INTERVENTIONS:

Light and transmission electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and histological examination.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Signs of inflammatory response.

RESULTS:

Light microscopy showed chronic inflammatory tissue reaction, even after years, with pronounced differences among materials. Partial volume of inflammatory cells (%) varied from 32 in polypropylene, to 12 in expanded PTFE, 8 in polyester, and 7 in reduced polypropylene. Formation of connective tissue correlated significantly with the extent of the inflammatory reaction (p<0.01). In meshes implanted for long periods there were still numerous macrophages at the interface between tissue and polypropylene (45%), polyester (45%), expanded PTFE (25%), and reduced polypropylene (22%). There was no difference in time dependent tissue reactions (p = 0.19).

CONCLUSION:

Inflammation around alloplastic materials used to repair defects in the abdominal wall persists for many years. There was evidence of long term wound complications as a result of persistent foreign body reactions. Further studies are required to evaluate the long term tissue response to these materials.

PMID:
10452261
DOI:
10.1080/11024159950189726
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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