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Int J Sports Med. 1999 Jul;20(5):275-8.

Direct vs. indirect blood pressure measurement at peak anaerobic exercise.

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Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Division, The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate, Israel.


The present study compared the direct intra-arterial method with the indirect conventional sphygmomanometer during all-out anaerobic exercise, in young healthy subjects. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured by intraarterial means and by auscultation. Fourteen young healthy males (23+/-2 yrs) were measured at rest and during all-out anaerobic exercise. Comparisons were made with simultaneously determined intra-arterial catheter and auscultation measurements. The data suggest that indirect systolic pressure is highly correlated with the direct method at rest (r = 0.684), with mean of 107+/-7 and 101+/-6 mmHg, respectively, and during all-out anaerobic exercise (r = 0.87), with mean of 197+/-11 and 191+/-9 mmHg, respectively. Indirect diastolic blood pressure correlates well with intra-arterial at rest (r = 0.62), with mean of 84+/-11 and 77+/-9 mmHg, respectively. However, during all-out anaerobic exercise, the correlation coefficient between the direct and the indirect methods was low (r = 0.36), with mean of 101+/-12 and 103+/-9 mmHg, respectively. These results suggest that when utilizing an all-out anaerobic exercise, the indirect method is not valid for assessment of diastolic pressure. In addition, although the anaerobic test is a dynamic type of exercise, its blood pressure responses for both direct and indirect methods were similar to those seen during isometric exercise.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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