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Clin Genet. 1999 Jun;55(6):450-4.

A common truncation variant of lipoprotein lipase (Ser447X) confers protection against coronary heart disease: the Framingham Offspring Study.

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Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


Genetic variation at the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) locus has been shown to influence plasma lipids and to modulate risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Recently, we found that the most frequent variant at this locus, involving a C-terminal truncation of two amino acids (Ser447X), was associated with both higher LPL activity and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in patients with CHD. However, the impact of this S447X variant on lipids and CHD in the general population was hitherto unknown. We, therefore, analyzed a total of 1114 men and 1144 women randomly ascertained from the Framingham Offspring Study (FOS) for the presence of this LPL variant. Carrier frequency of the S447X allele was 17%, and in men carrier status was associated with higher total cholesterol (delta = 6.2 mg/dl, p = 0.03). higher HDL-C (delta = 2.3 mg/dl, p = 0.01), and lower triglyceride (TG) levels (delta = -19.4 mg/dl, p = 0.02). Moreover, in men, the S447X allele conferred significant protection against CHD (odds ratio: 0.43; p = 0.04). These effects on lipids and CHD were not seen in women. Our study represents the first report on the impact of this mutation on CHD in men from the general population, and we conclude, therefore, that the S447X variant may confer significant protection against high TG levels, low HDL-C, and premature CHD in these subjects.

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