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J Clin Invest. 1999 Aug;104(4):383-9.

A novel therapy for colitis utilizing PPAR-gamma ligands to inhibit the epithelial inflammatory response.

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Division of Gastroenterology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily originally shown to play a critical role in adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis, has recently been implicated as a regulator of cellular proliferation and inflammatory responses. Colonic epithelial cells, which express high levels of PPAR-gamma protein, have the ability to produce inflammatory cytokines that may play a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We report here that PPAR-gamma ligands dramatically attenuate cytokine gene expression in colon cancer cell lines by inhibiting the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB via an IkappaB-alpha-dependent mechanism. Moreover, thiazolidinedione ligands for PPAR-gamma markedly reduce colonic inflammation in a mouse model of IBD. These results suggest that colonic PPAR-gamma may be a therapeutic target in humans suffering from IBD.

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