Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Aug 12;1451(1):59-72.

Evidence for IRF-1-dependent gene expression deficiency in interferon unresponsive HepG2 cells.

Author information

UMR 5539 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Montpellier II, Place E. Bataillon, Case 107, 34095, Montpellier Cédex 5, France.


Induction of the antiproliferative and antiviral state by IFNs (type I and II) is dramatically impaired in HepG2 cells. We show here that RNase L, IDO, GBP-2 and iNOS genes normally expressed as a secondary response to IFN are no longer inducible in HepG2 cells, while induction of primary response genes (IRF-1, PKR, p48-ISGF3gamma, 2-5AS, 6-16 and p56-(trp)tRNA) are unaffected. On the basis of previous data implicating transcription factor IRF-1 in the induction of some IFN-induced genes, we tested the effects of transfecting an IRF-1 oligonucleotide antisense in HeLa cells and found specifically impaired IFN induction of secondary response genes (RNase L, IDO and GBP-2). This raised the possibility that IRF-1 was defective in HepG2 cells. However, some molecular and biochemical analyses reveal that IRF-1 is induced normally by IFNs and retains its normal size, cellular location, phosphorylation status and ability to bind the IDO promoter in vitro. Therefore, we conclude that although the primary response pathway is fully functional, some aspects of the secondary pathway involving IRF-1 (but not IRF-1 itself) are defective in HepG2 cells. It may be possible that the promoter region of these deficient HepG2-genes requires an unidentified transcription factor in addition to de novo IRF-1, which could be elicited by a cooperative activator.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center