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J Biol Chem. 1999 Aug 20;274(34):23695-8.

Distinct roles for cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins I and II in regulating signaling by retinoic acid.

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1
Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Savage Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

Abstract

The pleiotropic effects of retinoic acid (RA) in mammalian cells are mediated by two classes of proteins: the retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins (CRABP-I and CRABP-II). Here we show that expression of CRABP-II, but not CRABP-I, markedly enhanced RAR-mediated transcriptional activation of a reporter gene in COS-7 cells. The equilibrium dissociation constants of complexes of CRABP-I or CRABP-II with RA were found to differ by 2-fold. It is thus unlikely that the distinct effects of the two proteins on transactivation stem from differential ligand-binding affinities. The mechanisms by which RA transfers from the CRABPs to RAR were thus investigated directly. The rate constant for movement of RA from CRABP-II, but not from CRABP-I, to RAR strongly depended on the concentration of the acceptor. The data suggest that transfer of RA from CRABP-I to RAR involves dissociation of the ligand from the binding protein, followed by association with the receptor. In contrast, movement of RA from CRABP-II to the receptor is facilitated by a mechanism that involves direct interactions between CRABP-II and RAR. These findings reveal a striking functional difference between CRABP-I and CRABP-II, and point at a novel mechanism by which the transcriptional activity of RA can be regulated by CRABP-II.

PMID:
10446126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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