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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Aug;84(8):2933-41.

Clinical and molecular evidence of abnormal processing and trafficking of the vasopressin preprohormone in a large kindred with familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus due to a signal peptide mutation.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital.

Abstract

The autosomal dominant form of familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is a rare disease characterized by postnatal onset of polyuria and a deficient neurosecretion of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). Since 1991, adFNDI has been linked to 31 different mutations of the gene that codes for the vasopressin-neurophysin II (AVP-NPII) precursor. The aims of the present study were to relate the clinical phenotype to the specific genotype and to the molecular genetic effects of the most frequently reported adFNDI mutation located at the cleavage site of the signal peptide of AVP-NPII [Ala(-1)Thr]. Genetic analysis and clinical studies of AVP secretion, urinary AVP, and urine output were performed in 16 affected and 16 unaffected family members and 11 spouses of a Danish adFNDI kindred carrying the Ala(-1)Thr mutation. Mutant complementary DNA carrying the same mutation was expressed in a neurogenic cell line (Neuro2A), and the cellular effects were studied by Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, and AVP measurements. The clinical studies showed a severe progressive deficiency of plasma and urinary AVP that manifested during childhood. The expression studies demonstrated that the Ala(- 1)Thr mutant cells produced 8-fold less AVP than wild-type cells and accumulated excessive amounts of 23-kDa NPII protein corresponding to uncleaved prepro-AVP-NPII. Furthermore, a substantial portion of the intracellular AVP-NPII precursor appeared to be colocalized with an endoplasmic reticulum antigen (Grp78). These results provide independent confirmation that this Ala(-1)Thr mutation produces adFNDI by directing the production of a mutant preprohormone that accumulates in the endoplasmic reticulum, because it cannot be cleaved from the signal peptide and transported to neurosecretory vesicles for further processing and secretion.

PMID:
10443701
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.84.8.5869
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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