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East Afr Med J. 1999 Feb;76(2):63-6.

Incidence of rickets of prematurity at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi.

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1
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Reports of osteopaenia/rickets of prematurity are on the increase due to improved survival rates of low birthweight infants.

OBJECTIVE:

To establish the incidence of rickets of prematurity by the age of six months in premature infants born at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Newborn unit and paediatric outpatient follow up clinic of Kenyatta National Hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Successive surviving infants of birthweight less than 2000 g residents in Nairobi.

RESULTS:

Incidence of rickets of prematurity by six months of age was 58.8%. Rickets appeared more commonly in male infants compared to female infants.

CONCLUSION:

Rickets of prematurity is a common problem in the premature infants seen at Kenyatta National Hospital. Routine vitamin D supplements to premature infants in adequate doses of at least 400iu per day should be adopted in our centre.

PMID:
10442123
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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