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Curr Microbiol. 1999 Sep;39(3):146-52.

Levansucrase from Acetobacter diazotrophicus SRT4 is secreted via periplasm by a signal-peptide-dependent pathway.

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Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Plant Division, P. O. Box 6162, Havana 10600, Cuba.


Acetobacter diazotrophicus SRT4 secretes a constitutive levansucrase (LsdA) (EC that is responsible for sucrose utilization. Immunogold electron microscopical studies revealed that LsdA accumulates in the periplasm before secretion. The periplasmic and extracellular forms of the enzyme were purified to homogeneity. Both proteins exhibited similar physical and biochemical characteristics indicating that LsdA adopts its final conformation in the periplasm. The N-terminal sequence of mature LsdA was pGlu-Gly-Asn-Phe-Ser-Arg as determined by PSD-MALDI-TOFMS (post-source decay-matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry). Comparison of this sequence with the predicted precursor protein revealed the cleavage of a 30-residue typical signal peptide followed by the formation of the pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) residue. Thus, in contrast with other Gram-negative bacteria, A. diazotrophicus secretes levansucrase by a signal-peptide-dependent mechanism.

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