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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1999 Aug 15;368(2):361-6.

Protective effects of dietary cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside on liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

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  • 1Tokaigakuen Women's College, 2-901 Nakahira, Nagoya, Tenpaku-ku, 468-8514, Japan.


We recently reported that feeding cyanidin 3-O-beta-d-glucoside (C3G), a typical anthocyanin pigment, lowered the serum thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration and increased the oxidation resistance of the serum to lipid peroxidation in rats. These results suggest that C3G acts as a potent antioxidant in vivo when acute oxidative stress is encountered. In the present study, we evaluated whether feeding C3G suppresses oxidative injury to the liver caused by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), which was used as a model for oxidative stress. Rats were fed a diet containing C3G (2 g/kg diet) for 14 days and then subjected to hepatic I/R. I/R treatment elevated the liver TBARS concentration and the serum activities of marker enzymes (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, and lactate dehydrogenase) for liver injury and lowered the liver reduced glutathione concentration. Feeding C3G significantly suppressed these changes caused by hepatic I/R. Although the liver ascorbic acid concentration was also lowered by hepatic I/R, feeding C3G restored this concentration more quickly compared to the control rats. These results indicate that orally administered C3G suppresses I/R-induced oxidative damage and suggest that C3G functions as a potent antioxidant in vivo under oxidative stress.

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