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Pancreas. 1999 Aug;19(2):150-7.

Hyperthermia, inducing pancreatic heat-shock proteins, fails to prevent cerulein-induced stress kinase activation.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Philipps University of Marburg, Germany.


The dually phosphorylated c-jun kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, also termed stress kinases, are members of the MAP kinase family. They are activated early during cerulein pancreatitis induction and have been proposed as regulators during pancreatitis development by us and others. We recently showed that hyperthermia preconditioning induces expression of pancreatic heat-shock proteins (HSP) and protects against cerulein pancreatitis. Because it was further reported that HSP70 can prevent activation of stress kinases in lymphoid tumor cells, we investigated whether hyperthermia preconditioning might reduce hyperstimulation-mediated activation of pancreatic stress kinases. Pancreatic HSP expression was induced by whole-body hyperthermia preconditioning. Without prior HSP induction, cerulein led to a rapid and dose-dependent increase in serum lipase and amylase levels, pancreatic wet weight through edema formation, and activation of pancreatic MAP kinases. Hyperthermia preconditioning, although strongly inducing HSP70 and almost completely preventing edema formation, as well as the increase of serum amylase and lipase, did not reduce cerulein-mediated stress kinase activation. This indicates that in the pancreas, cerulein can strongly activate MAP kinases even when pancreatitis development is greatly inhibited, and that pancreatic HSPs do not inhibit activation of pancreatic stress kinases in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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