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Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Aug;41(4):258-61.

An update of antidote availability in veterinary medicine.

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Division of Epidemiology and Surveillance, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.


Lack of commercially available antidotes for animals is an issue of significant concern to the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology. A few antidotes are available for food animals through extra-label use, regulatory discretion and compounding. However, regulatory restrictions arising from human food, safety concerns have limited the availability of food animal antidotes. Use of some antidotes in food animals requires establishment of an investigational new animal drug application. Antidotes are generally more available for non-food animals from several sources: approved animal drugs, extra-label use of approved animal and human drugs, regulatory discretion and compounding. Present alternatives are discussed as well as the need for legislation to increase antidote availability. Human food safety will always be an issue for food animal antidotes. Future availability of non-food animal and food animal antidotes will depend on several mechanisms and may include the establishment of veterinary antidote depots. Stakeholders are encouraged to participate in identifying and implementing these mechanisms.

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