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Mod Pathol. 1999 Jul;12(7):722-8.

Epithelioid variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma: a study of 12 cases of a distinctive variant of high-grade liposarcoma.

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Department of Soft Tissue Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.


We describe 12 patients with a distinctive variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma that histologically shows epithelioid features and focally resembles a solid carcinoma. The tumors occurred in nine men and three women (median age, 63 yr; range, 40-78 yr). Five tumors were in the thigh, two in the chest wall, two in the axilla, and one each in the retroperitoneum, groin, and calf. Most were 15 to 20 cm in maximal diameter. They consisted of sheets of epithelioid-appearing cells with ample, variably eosinophilic cytoplasm, often showing a honeycomb-like pattern of cell borders and little if any collagenous extracellular matrix. Their histologic features often resembled those of renal clear cell carcinoma or adrenal cortical carcinoma, but all showed evidence of adipocytic differentiation, and five also showed focal spindle cell components. One patient whose tumor in the thigh had been originally diagnosed as metastatic renal carcinoma had undergone nephrectomy without a finding of a kidney tumor. All of the cases were positive for vimentin; 6 of 11 cases were positive for S-100 protein, usually focally; 5 of 11 were focally positive for keratins; and all were negative for epithelial membrane antigen, muscle actins, desmin, and CD34. High mitotic activity (mean, 42 mitotic figures per 10 high power fields) and high MIB-1-positive proliferative fraction (>30%) were seen in all of the cases, and nuclear p53 immunoreactivity was detected in five of seven cases. Of the eight patients with complete follow-up, five died of disease (median survival, 6 mo), two died of unrelated causes 10 and 18 years later, and 1 was alive and well 24 years later. The epithelioid variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma is a high-grade tumor that must be distinguished from malignant epithelial tumors, especially in view of the keratin immunoreactivity of some of these neoplasms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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