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J Biol Chem. 1999 Aug 6;274(32):22679-85.

Egr-1 mediates extracellular matrix-driven transcription of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase in endothelium.

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Department of Pathology, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


Matrix metalloproteinase activity is instrumental in processes of cellular invasion. The interstitial invasion of endothelial cells during angiogenesis is accompanied by up-regulation of several matrix metalloproteinases, including membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). In this study, we show that endothelial cells stimulated to undergo angiogenesis by a three-dimensional extracellular matrix environment increase production of the transcription factor Egr-1. Increased binding of Egr-1 to the MT1-MMP promoter correlates with enhanced transcriptional activity, whereas mutations in the Egr-1 binding site abrogate the increased transcription of MT1-MMP in the stimulated cells. These data identify Egr-1-mediated transcription of MT1-MMP as a mechanism by which endothelial cells can initiate an invasive phenotype in response to an alteration in extracellular matrix environment, thus functionally associating MT1-MMP with a growing number of proteins known to be up-regulated by Egr-1 in response to tissue injury or mechanical stress.

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