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J Biol Chem. 1999 Aug 6;274(32):22191-6.

Mutations in actin subdomain 3 that impair thin filament regulation by troponin and tropomyosin.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


Thin filament-mediated regulation of striated muscle contraction involves conformational switching among a few quaternary structures, with transitions induced by binding of Ca(2+) and myosin. We establish and exploit Saccharomyces cerevisiae actin as a model system to investigate this process. Ca(2+)-sensitive troponin-tropomyosin binding affinities for wild type yeast actin are seen to closely resemble those for muscle actin, and these hybrid thin filaments produce Ca(2+)-sensitive regulation of the myosin S-1 MgATPase rate. Yeast actin filament inner domain mutant K315A/E316A depresses Ca(2+) activation of the MgATPase rate, producing a 4-fold weakening of the apparent Ca(2+) affinity and a 50% decrease in the MgATPase rate at saturating Ca(2+) concentration. Observed destabilization of troponin-tropomyosin binding to actin in the presence of Ca(2+), a 1.4-fold effect, provides a partial explanation. Despite the decrease in apparent MgATPase Ca(2+) affinity, there was no detectable change in the true Ca(2+) affinity of the thin filament, measured using fluorophore-labeled troponin. Another inner domain mutant, E311A/R312A, decreased the MgATPase rate but did not change the apparent Ca(2+) affinity. These results suggest that charged residues on the surface of the actin inner domain are important in Ca(2+)- and myosin-induced thin filament activation.

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